International Journal of Development and Management Review (INJODEMAR) not only holds the ethics of publication as one of its core values but adheres strictly to internationally accepted publication ethics. To ensure compliance, International Journal of Development and Management Review (INJODEMAR) insists on the double-blind peer-review process for all articles it reviews. The rationale for double-blind peer review process is to validate the integrity and originality / novelty of the research work presented to it and to eliminate malpractice. This process adopted by the journal acts as a filtering ground and thus increases the quality of research submitted for publication. The process also helps the authors to critically re-examine and remove any errors or gaps in manuscript(s) mistakenly overlooked and assist in making the research work more applicable in real time as well as current.

The journal adopts the COPE guidelines on publication ethics.

To ensure this in proper terms:

A. Authors must confirm that the following are adhered to:

The submitted manuscripts must be the original work of the author(s);

That only unpublished manuscripts / manuscripts not submitted elsewhere should be submitted;

Any conflict of interest must be clearly stated;

The sources of data used in the development of the manuscript is acknowledged;

All errors discovered in the manuscript after submission must be swiftly communicated to the Editor.

B. Reviewers must confirm the following:

Reviewers are expected to evaluate a manuscript for critical analysis, comparative analysis and most importantly for integrity and novelty / originality of the research work and to avoid malpractice.

All individual manuscripts are reviewed fairly based on the intellectual content of the article without prejudice to gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry or political values and inclination of author(s);

Any observed conflict of interest during the review process must be promptly communicated to the Editor;

All information pertaining to the manuscript is kept with utmost confidentiality;

Any reason(s) for the rejection of a manuscript for publication must be communicated to the Editor.

C. Editors must confirm the following:

All individual manuscripts are evaluated fairly based on the intellectual content of the article without prejudice to gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry or political values and inclination of authors;

Information pertaining to manuscripts are kept with utmost confidentiality;

Any observed conflict of interest pertaining to manuscripts must be disclosed to the author(s).

D. Editorial responsibilities Publication decisions:

The Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject / accept an article / a paper when reasonably certain and convinced.

Decisions are based on the paper`s relevance to the journal`s scope, its academic quality, reviewers` objective judgments, the research`s innovation, originality, contribution(s) to knowledge and clarity, the experiment`s validity, etc.

Confidentiality: Editors and the editorial staff should guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted papers which should only be disclosed to the authors, the reviewers, the potential reviewers, the adviser from the INJODEMAR Editorial Committee, and the publisher if necessary before publication. On no account should the submitted paper(s) be used for the editors` and the editorial staff`s own research without the authors` written authorization / permission.

The Editorial Board of the journal takes responsibility for taking final decisions for publication for submitted manuscripts based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal’s Editorial Board and legal restrain on plagiarism, libel and copyright infringement.

Editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject / accept.

Editors are to adhere to the double-blind review in the peer review process.

The policy of reservation of anonymity of reviewers should be maintained at all times.

When errors are found, the Editorial Board should promote publication of correction or retraction.

E. Publishing ethics issues and Malpractice Statement

There should be no plagiarism and no fraudulent data. This is academically forbidden.

When a case of plagiarism and fraudulent data is formally exposed / observed after the paper`s publication in INJODEMAR, a preliminary investigation will be conducted by INJODEMAR, and the author(s) informed. If the plagiarism is confirmed, INJODEMAR will contact the author`s institution and funding agencies and will mark the plagiarism paper obviously on the PDF of the paper or formally retract the paper.

Crosschecking and double-blind peer reviewing must be conducted for each paper to avoid academic misconduct and malpractice, and all the files related to each paper submitted should be kept properly. It is a priority for the Editorial Board to monitor / safeguard publishing ethics.

F. Guidelines for retracting articles

Retracting article will be considered if there is clear / established evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error), or if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication), or if the paper constitutes plagiarism, or if the paper reports unethical research.

The major purpose of retractions is to correct the literature and ensure its integrity rather than to punish authors who misbehave.

The retracted paper will not be removed from the INJODEMAR online issues (and hard copies if already published). But notices of retraction will be promptly published and linked to the retracted article, accurately stating the information of the retracted article, the reason(s) for retraction, and who retracts the article, which will be freely available to all readers.

Articles may be retracted by their author(s) or by INJODEMAR. In some cases, retractions are issued jointly. INJODEMAR has the final decision about retracting articles. It will retract publications even if all or some of the authors refuse to retract the publication themselves if the unethical behaviour is confirmed.

G. Maintenance of the integrity of the academic record

All the authors will make a commitment of the integrity of the academic record, including the integrity of the data and figures in the paper. The crosscheck and peer review will help the editors to verify the originality and integrity of the submitted paper. All the business needs should be precluded from compromising intellectual and ethical standards. When an author discovers fundamental errors in the published works, it is the author`s obligation to notify the editor promptly by e-mail.

The editors and the editorial staff should always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.